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Chess is a strategic board game in which two players alternate moving pieces (the chess pieces) on a game board (the chess board). The aim of the game is to checkmate the opponent, that is, to attack his king in such a way that he cannot defend or escape.
Chess is known worldwide and has a deep cultural meaning. Many chess players are members of chess clubs, which in turn belong to regional and national chess associations and have joined together worldwide in the World Chess Federation (FIDE). At the start of a game there are a total of 32 chess pieces, 16 white and 16 black, on the chess board. Both players each have the following chess pieces available: King, Queen, 2 Rooks, 2 Knights, 2 Bishops and 8 Pawns. Starting with white, the players take turns with their pieces. The moving player moves one chess piece of his own color to another square. The only exception is the castling, in which two of your own figures (King and Rook) are moved. Only one piece can stand on a field. He blocks the field for all pieces of his own color, i.e. that is, you can never move a figure onto a space that already has its own piece. However, if there is an opposing piece on the target field, it is removed from the game board. They say she is beaten. It will no longer be used in the course of the game. If a chess piece could be hit on the next move, it is threatened. If one of the Kings is under threat, one speaks of being in chess. The aim of the game is to create a situation in which the opposing King is threatened and the opponent cannot remove this threat in the next half move (checkmate).